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An iterative inversion algorithm with application to the polarimetric radar response of vegetation canopies

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3 Author(s)
Polatin, P.F. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Sarabandi, K. ; Ulaby, F.T.

The retrieval of scene parameters from polarimetric radar data using an iterative inversion approach is considered. The theoretical development of a general, model-based iterative algorithm for inversion of polarimetric radar data is presented. Factors relevant to its implementation, such as sensor configuration, algorithm optimization and computational structure are discussed. The algorithm is applied to the specific problem of inverting the vector radiative transfer model for a simplified, representative vegetation canopy consisting of vertical trunks, leaves, and a rough ground surface. The results of this inversion are in excellent agreement with simulated data generated using the radiative transfer model. The convergence properties of the algorithm are evaluated, and it is found that successful convergence is achieved in about 90% to 95% of the cases tested for the implementation used in this work. An error analysis is presented which considers the effect of both systematic and measurement derived errors. Typical error bounds for the current application are approximately ±3%, allowing for ±0.5 dB accuracy in the measured radar data

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 1 )