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Matching of a DC motor to a photovoltaic generator using a step-up converter with a current-locked loop

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1 Author(s)
Alghuwainem, S.M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., King Saud Univ., Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

A photovoltaic (PV) generator is a nonlinear device having insolation-dependent volt-ampere characteristics. Because of its relatively high cost, the system designer is interested in optimum matching of the motor and its mechanical load to the PV generator so that maximum power is obtained during the entire operating period. However, since the maximum-power point varies with solar insolation, it is difficult to achieve an optimum matching that is valid for all insolation levels. In this paper it is shown that for maximum power, the generator current must be directly proportional to insolation. This remarkable property is utilized to achieve insolation-independent optimum matching. A shunt DC motor driving a centrifugal water pump is supplied from a PV generator via a step-up converter whose duty ratio is controlled using a current-locked feedback loop

Published in:

Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 1 )