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Adaptive FIR filter structure based on the generalized subband decomposition of FIR filters

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2 Author(s)
Petraglia, M.R. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Federal Univ. of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ; Mitra, S.K.

An adaptive structure based on a generalized structural subband decomposition of FIR (finite-impulse-response) filters is presented. The proposed structure implements an adaptive FIR filter of length N as a parallel connection of L branches, with each branch composed of a cascade of a fixed interpolator and a sparse adaptive subfilter containing at least L nonzero coefficients. There is no sampling rate alteration in this structure, and therefore no problems with aliasing occur. The interpolators are implemented by a computationally efficient transform (e.g., DCT, DFT). The proposed structure presents superior convergence performance for colored input signals when compared to the conventional direct-form LMS (least-mean-square) structure, with a very small increase in the number of operations. The advantages of using the subband structure in the adaptive line enhancer, acoustic echo canceller, and channel equalizer applications are shown through computer simulations

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Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 6 )