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Automatic tracking of SPAMM grid and the estimation of deformation parameters from cardiac MR images

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2 Author(s)
S. Kumar ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Eng., Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA ; D. Goldgof

Presents a new approach for the automatic tracking of SPAMM (Spatial Modulation of Magnetization) grid in cardiac MR images and consequent estimation of deformation parameters. The tracking is utilized to extract grid points from MR images and to establish correspondences between grid points in images taken at consecutive frames. These correspondences are used with a thin plate spline model to establish a mapping from one image to the next. This mapping is then used for motion and deformation estimation. Spatio-temporal tracking of SPAMM grid is achieved by using snakes-active contour models with an associated energy functional. The authors present a minimizing strategy which is suitable for tracking the SPAMM grid. By continuously minimizing their energy functionals, the snakes lock on to and follow the in-slice motion and deformation of the SPAMM grid. The proposed algorithm was tested with excellent results on 123 images (three data sets each a multiple slice 2D, 16 phase Cine study, three data sets each a multiple slice 2D, 13 phase Cine study and three data sets each a multiple slice 2D, 12 phase Cine study)

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 1 )