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Modeling and optimization of short Yb/sup 3+/-sensitized Er/sup 3+/-doped fiber amplifiers

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3 Author(s)
Nilsson, J. ; Dept. of Phys. II, R. Inst. of Technol., Stockholm, Sweden ; Scheer, P. ; Jaskorzynska, B.

Short high-concentration Yb/sup 3+/-sensitized Er/sup 3+/-doped fiber amplifiers are modeled and numerically investigated in the small-signal domain. Concentration quenching is included with a term quadratic in the concentration of excited Er/sup 3+/. We find that for fibers shorter than 1 m, the small-signal gain can be larger for sensitized fibers than for non-sensitized ones (31 dB gain vs. 22 dB at 5 cm). Without concentration quenching (e.g. for long fibers), Yb/sup 3+/-free amplifiers have a higher small-signal gain. The achievable gain of the sensitized amplifier is independent of the pump laser wavelength, if the Yb-concentration is correspondingly optimized. However, restrictions on allowable Yb-concentrations imply that for a specific pump wavelength, a finite range of amplifiers lengths is suitable.<>

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 3 )