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Influence of the line characterization on the transient analysis of nonlinearly loaded lossy transmission lines

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3 Author(s)
Maio, I. ; Dipartimento di Elettronica, Politecnico di Torino, Italy ; Pignari, S. ; Canavero, F.

The analysis of nonlinearly terminated lossy transmission lines is addressed in this paper with a modified version of a method belonging to the class of mixed techniques, which characterize the line in the frequency domain and solve the nonlinear problem in the time domain via a convolution operation. This formulation is based on voltage wave variables defined in the load sections. The physical meaning of such quantities helps to explain the transient scattering process in the line and allows us to discover the importance (so far often overlooked) of the reference impedance used to define the scattering parameters. The complexity of the transient impulse responses, the efficiency of the algorithms, and the precision of the results are shown to be substantially conditioned by the choice of the reference impedance. The optimum value of the reference impedance depends on the amount of line losses. We show that a low-loss line can be effectively described if its characteristic impedance or the characteristic impedance of the associated LC line is chosen as the reference impedance. Based on the physical interpretation of our formulation, we are able to validate the numerical results, and to demonstrate that, despite claimed differences or improvements, the formulations of several mixed methods are fundamentally equivalent

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Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 3 )