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A high aperture efficiency, wide-angle scanning offset reflector antenna

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3 Author(s)
Craig, W.P. ; Antenna Syst. Branch, Naval Undersea Warfare Center, New London, CT, USA ; Rappaport, C.M. ; Mason, J.S.

A unique single offset reflector antenna has been designed which provides as much as ±30° of scanning in azimuth while maintaining a much higher aperture efficiency than a torus antenna. Like a torus antenna, different portions of the reflector are illuminated for each scanned beam. The reflector profile curve in the plane of scan is found by least squares to minimize the error for the beams with the greatest scan angle, and then polynomial terms of up to sixth order which minimize nonplanar phase errors are added to produce a three-dimensional reflector surface. Numerical simulation indicates very good results for all 0.5° beams in the ±30° azimuth field of view, with peak gain no more than 0.3 dB below ideal and highest side-lobe levels no worse than 13.3 dB below the peak gain. Additionally, comparable performance can be extended to the elevation plane out to 15°/-30°, although full azimuth performance becomes compromised at extreme elevation scan angles. By using an offset design, there is no blockage of the outgoing beam by the feed array assembly for azimuth scanning. With better feed performance than comparably sized paraboloids, and being more compact than similar torus reflectors, this novel antenna should find numerous uses in spacecraft and terrestrial applications

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 11 )