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Large vocabulary word recognition based on demi-syllable hidden Markov model using small amount of training data

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2 Author(s)
Yoshida, K. ; NEC Corp., Kawasaki ; Watanabe, T.

The authors present a large-vocabulary speech recognition method based on hidden Markov models (HMMs) and aimed at high recognition performance with a small amount of training data. The recognition model is designed to treat contextual and allophonic variations utilizing acoustic-phonetic knowledge. The demisyllable is used as a recognition unit to treat contextual variations caused by the coarticulation effect. A single Gaussian probability density function is used as the HMM output probability, and allophonic units are defined to deal with greater allophonic variations, such as vowel devoicing. In an experiment, demisyllable models were trained using a 250 training word set, and 99.0% and 97.5% recognition rates were obtained for 500-word and 1800-word vocabularies, respectively. The result demonstrates the effectiveness of the method

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, 1989. ICASSP-89., 1989 International Conference on

Date of Conference:

23-26 May 1989