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Polarimetric radar modeling of mixtures of precipitation particles

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3 Author(s)
J. Vivekanandan ; Nat. Center for Atmos. Res., Boulder, CO, USA ; R. Raghavan ; V. N. Bringi

With the advances of dual-polarized radar techniques in meteorology it is now possible to deduce precipitation microphysical characteristics in far more detail than possible with reflectivity measurements alone. Radar parameters such as differential reflectivity and differential phase between horizontal and vertical polarizations have been studied in detail as well as linear depolarization ratio, copolar correlation coefficient, and backscatter differential phase. While these parameters can be linked to certain microphysical properties of specific classes of precipitation such as raindrops or hail, very little study has been directed at the practically important cases of mixtures of different types of precipitation particles such as rain, hail, graupel, ice crystals, and snow. Each type can have different size, shape, orientation, and dielectric constant distributions. The present treatment is rigorous and is based on the Mueller matrix formulation. Radar parameters are derived from the averaged Mueller matrix computations. Careful consideration is given to the orientation and size distributions of the different particle types. After calculating single particle scattering characteristics, some simple two-component mixtures such as rain/hail and ice crystals/snow are considered. Finally, a 2D numerical cloud model is used to simulate the rain, hail/graupel, and snow fields of an evolving convective storm from which the radar parameters are derived for the initial, peak, and dissipating stages of the storm. Model computations are performed at C and S-band frequencies

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 5 )