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Poisson models and mean-squared error for correlator estimator of time delay

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2 Author(s)
A. O. Hero ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; S. C. Schwartz

A method for modeling large errors in correlation-based time-delay estimation is developed in terms of level-crossing probabilities. The level-crossing interpretation for peak ambiguity leads directly to an exact expression for the probability of large error involving the hazard function associated with the level-crossing process. Two models for the distribution of the error over the level-crossing time yield approximations to the mean-square error (MSE) that involve the low-order (<4) finite-dimensional distributions of the associated level-crossing process. Application of an inhomogeneous Poisson model for the level crossings reduces the form of the approximations to a weighted sum of the Cramer-Rao lower bound and the second moment of a function of the level-crossing intensity over time. Explicit expressions for the large error probability and the MSE approximations are obtained under a Gaussian model for the correlator statistics. Results of computer simulation are presented that indicate the accuracy of the approximations

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 2 )