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Phase tree: a periodic, fractional flux quantum vernier for high-speed interpolation of analog-to-digital converters

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2 Author(s)
Lee, G.S. ; Hewlett-Packard Lab., Palo Alto, CA, USA ; Ko, H.L.

A Josephson junction circuit that can rapidly track and record a magnetic flux signal to a small binary fraction of the flux quantum is proposed. This so-called phase tree circuit behaves periodically, recording the residue of the signal modulo the flux quantum in 2/sup p/ths of a flux quantum for a p-level binary tree. Signal quantization is accomplished by comparators that read the 2/sup p-1/ circulating currents in the leaf-level branches, providing a total of 2/sup p/ possibilities in the periodic code. The phase tree can therefore be used as a vernier, linear over a large number of periods because a single analog element determines the quantization levels once the network is properly biased. A system consisting of a conventional m-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC m approximately=4-7) and an auxiliary p-bit phase tree interpolator (p approximately=2-5) can achieve at least m+p-1 bits without loss of bandwidth or sample rate.<>

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 2 )