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Ultra-high-resolution brain SPECT imaging: simulation results

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5 Author(s)

The spatial resolution in a reconstructed single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) image is influenced by the intrinsic resolution of the detector, and the photon-counting efficiency of SPECT systems is also determined by the intrinsic resolution. The authors demonstrate that improvements in detector resolution can lead to both improved spatial resolution in the image and improved counting efficiency compared to conventional systems. This paradoxical conclusion results from optimizing the geometry of a multiple-pinhole coded-aperture system when detectors of very high resolution are available. Simulation studies that demonstrate the image quality that is attainable with such detectors are reported. Reconstructions are performed using an iterative search algorithm on a custom-designed parallel computer. The imaging system is described by a calculated system matrix relating all voxels in the object space to all pixels on the detector. A resolution close to 2 mm is found on the reconstructed images obtained from these computer simulations with clinically reasonable exposure times. This resolution may be even further improved by optimization of the multiple-pinhole aperture

Published in:

Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Aug 1993

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