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Weak convergence and local stability properties of fixed step size recursive algorithms

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3 Author(s)
Bucklew, J.A. ; Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI, USA ; Kurtz, T.G. ; Sethares, W.A.

A recursive equation that subsumes several common adaptive filtering algorithms is analyzed for general stochastic inputs and disturbances by relating the motion of the parameter estimate errors to the behavior of an unforced deterministic ordinary differential equation (ODE). The ODEs describing the motion of several common adaptive filters are examined in some simple settings, including the least mean square (LMS) algorithm and all three of its signed variants (the signed regressor, the signed error, and the sign-sign algorithms). Stability and instability results are presented in terms of the eigenvalues of a correlation-like matrix. This generalizes known results for LMS, signed regressor LMS, and signed error LMS, and gives new stability criteria for the sign-sign algorithm. The ability of the algorithms to track moving parameterizations can be analyzed in a similar manner, by relating the time varying system to a forced ODE. The asymptotic distribution about the forced ODE is an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process, the properties of which can be described in a straightforward manner

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 3 )