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Biotelemetry of cardiovascular hemodynamic measurements in miniswine

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3 Author(s)
Pitsillides, K.F. ; Dept. of Internal Med., California Univ., Davis, CA, USA ; Symons, J.D. ; Longhurst, J.C.

A three-channel biotelemetry system has been designed and implemented for use in a chronically instrumented animal model of cardiovascular disease. A dual-channel ultrasonic transit-time micrometer allows monitoring of left-ventricular wall motion for the regions perfused by the left circumflex and left anterior descending coronary arteries. A third channel provides left ventricular blood pressure obtained from a high-fidelity blood pressure transducer implanted in the left ventricle. The biotelemetry system features a high voltage DC-DC converter for improved ultrasonic signal strength, a time-to-voltage converter that is highly immune to synchronization frequency variations, low power consumption (approx. 100 mW), small size (4*6*12 cm), and low weight (approx. 200 g). This three-channel system has been used to continuously monitor untethered animals for 24-h periods. The data can be utilized to quantify myocardial oxygen demand and regional left-ventricular wall thickening.

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Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 9 )