Skip to Main Content
The effects of metal objects on the mutual inductance, self-inductance, and effective series resistance (ESR) of the coaxial coils of a transcutaneous energy transmission system (TETS) were investigated theoretically and experimentally. The theory considers a thin conducting sheet of infinite size aligned parallel to a current-carrying coil. Results of the theory indicate that coil parameters vary with the distance from the sheet to the coil. Changes in mutual and self inductance are independent of the conductivity and thickness of the sheet, with a larger percentage change for mutual inductance than for self inductance. Changes in ESR are proportional to the surface resistivity of the sheet. Experimental measurements using several aluminium sheets and a titanium alloy can in the presence of the TETs coils used for the Penn State artificial heart showed excellent agreement with the theory for inductance parameters and agreed within a factor of 2 for ESR measurements when skin effect was considered.