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Protection against loss of utility grid supply for a dispersed storage and generation unit

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3 Author(s)
Redfern, M.A. ; Sch. of Electron. & Electr. Eng., Bath Univ., UK ; Usta, O. ; Fielding, G.

The requirements of an islanding, or 'loss of grid', protection for a dispersed storage and generation unit are examined, and the principal methods used for this type of relaying are outlined. A new protection algorithm is introduced which is based on the rate of change of power as measured at the generator's terminals. The responses of the different measurands are examined for a selection of power system operating conditions in order to demonstrate the operation of this type of protection. The new protection algorithm is shown to trip for loss of grid and for load fluctuations while the dispersed storage and generation unit is operating independently of the utility supply following a loss of grid, and for an out-of-synchronism reconnection of the utility supply to the dispersed storage and generation unit. It is also shown to remain stable for major load fluctuations while the utility supply remains connected to the dispersed generator system.<>

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 3 )