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Invariance of the Doppler bandwidth with range cell size above a critical beam-to-flow angle

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3 Author(s)
P. Tortoli ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Florence Univ., Italy ; G. Guidi ; V. L. Newhouse

For a sound beam impinging on a blood vessel, with a range cell much smaller than the vessel diameter, it is known that the breadth of the echo Doppler spectrum is proportional to the velocity of the flow through the range cell. As the range cell is lengthened to include a greater range of velocities, the spectrum is expected to widen proportionately. It is shown theoretically, and confirmed experimentally, that if the beam-to-flow angle is greater than a critical value, the Doppler spectrum bandwidth is independent of the length of the range cell, and depends only on the maximum velocity encompassed by it. This happens because for angles greater than the critical, the narrow spectra produced by lower velocity flows near the vessel walls are contained within the broader spectrum produced by the higher speed flow near the vessel axis. The critical angle is the angle at which the flow axis is normal to one of the beam edges.<>

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 4 )