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High-current plasma lens

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4 Author(s)
Goncharov, A.A. ; Inst. of Phys., Acad. of Sci., Kiev, Ukraine ; Dobrovolsky, A.N. ; Zatuagan, A.V. ; Protsenko, I.M.

The static and dynamic characteristics of a high-current plasma lens (PL) with a two-component quasi-neutral plasma medium formed by a wide-aperture, repetitively pulsed ion beam and secondary electron emission are investigated experimentally. Such a system provides magnetic isolation of electrons and ion beam focusing by means of electric fields due to uncompensated space charge. It is shown that careful selection of the magnetic field geometry, the number of lens electrodes, and the external potential distribution applied to them according to theoretical plasma optics principles allows the radial electric potential within the PL volume to be tailored to widely varying profiles. It is shown that there is a significant influence of the ion beam itself on the potential shape. Lens collective processes due to nonremovable radial gradients of the magnetic field in the ion beam focusing direction are investigated. It is shown that the conductivity mechanism and lens electrode leakage are connected with observed small-scale turbulence. A theoretical analysis of the linear growth phase of an instability is presented, and estimates are made of the nonlinear variable potential amplitude

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 5 )