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Silicon-based optoelectronics

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1 Author(s)
R. A. Soref ; Electromagn. & Reliability Directorate, Rome Air Dev. Center, Hanscom AFB, MA, USA

The decade of the 1990's is an opportune time for scientists and engineers to create cost-effective silicon “superchips” that merge silicon photonics with advanced silicon electronics on a silicon substrate. We can expect significant electrooptical devices from Column IV materials (Si, Ge, C and Sn) for a host of applications. The best devices will use strained-layer epitaxy, doped heterostructures, and bandgap engineering of quantum-confined structures. This paper reviews Si-based photonic components and optoelectronic integration techniques, both hybrid and monolithic

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:81 ,  Issue: 12 )