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AM mode-locking of a free-electron laser oscillator

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2 Author(s)
E. Jerby ; Fac. of Eng., Tel Aviv Univ., Israel ; G. Bekefi

The authors present experimental and theoretical studies of a mode-locked free-electron laser (FEL) oscillator. In the experiment the FEL uses a continuous electron beam and operates in the microwave regime. AM mode-locking is performed by modulating the attenuation of the FEL ring cavity by a PIN diode modulator. The modulation period is tuned to match the RF roundtrip time in the ring cavity. The experimental results show the evolution of a single radiation macropulse, consisting of narrow micropulses in synchrony with the sinusoidal locking signal. The micropulse period (~37 ns) equals the roundtrip time and the modulation period. The micropulse width (~5 ns) is limited by the FEL slippage time and by the dispersion in the waveguide ring cavity. The effect of the mode locking consisting in suppressing asynchronous oscillations is clearly observed in the experiment. A theoretical model of the AM mode-locked FEL oscillator operating in the small signal regime is presented. This model includes the slow time variation of the e-beam energy and waveguide dispersion. The theoretical analysis agrees well with the experimental results

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 11 )