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Minimal transient switching of capacitors

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3 Author(s)
Olivier, G. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Ecole Polytech. de Montreal, Que., Canada ; Mougharbel, I. ; Dobson-Mack, G.

Capacitor banks are used to compensate the reactive power demand of large commercial and industrial loads. When used to switch capacitor banks mechanical breakers generate large current transients. These transients may cause serious system disturbances, premature wear of the breaker contacts and, possibly, shorten the life of the capacitors. While thyristor switches are not new and industry has successfully used them to obtain transient-free switching of capacitor banks, there are very few papers describing this application. This paper tries to fill the void and presents a comparative study of various three-phase configurations of semiconductor switches intended for low voltage (600 V and less) distribution systems. Simple theoretical analysis enables the calculation of the optimal switching times to minimize transients. These calculations take into account the system impedance and the initial capacitor voltages

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 4 )