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A quantitative model for adaptive task allocation in human-computer interfaces

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2 Author(s)
Rencken, W.D. ; Robotics Res. Group, Oxford Univ., UK ; Durrant-Whyte, H.F.

Describes the design and implementation of a task allocation for a human-computer interface that is capable of adapting the human's workload, online, according to his ability to perform tasks for systems, where the computer acts as a backup decision maker. During the operation of the system, the human and the computer's service and error rates are continually measured. An embedded human model estimates the change in the human's ability to service his tasks baled on the measured service and error rates. Future human and computer service rates and task arrival rates in the system are then predicted. Every time a new task arrives in the system the interface decides whether the human is capable of dealing with all current tasks before the next task arrives. If the human is unable to deal with the workload, the computer is switched on to aid him. The interface is broken down into modules, with each module's quantitative behavior defined separately. A probabilistic sensitivity analysis of the task allocation equations develops metrics that can be used to assess the task allocation's robustness with regard to uncertainties in the predicted human and system performances. The interface is implemented in a real time, human operated surveillance system

Published in:

Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 4 )