By Topic

Electric-field-induced volume and membrane ionic permeability changes of red blood cells

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
Chang, S.K.W. ; Biophys. & Biomed. Modelling Div., Army Res. Inst. of Envir. Med., Natick, MA, USA

When an external electric field (EF) is applied to red blood cells (RBCs), the RBCs are observed to undergo a swelling action. The swelling may or may not lead to hemolysis, depending on the EF strength. An objective verification of this swelling is by measuring the RBC mean corpuscular volume (MCV). In this study, the RBC's were exposed to the appropriate EF strength to induce swelling, but caused minimal hemolysis. The MCV was measured. The change in the erythrocyte membrane ionic permeability as a result of the EF exposure was also determined, as an objective verification of presumed membrane conductance change concomitant with the swelling. The fluxes of cations K +, Na +, and Ca ++ and anion Cl - were measured. The results showed that red cell MCV was indeed increased after EF application. The EF also altered the membrane ionic conductance to allow ions to flow down their respective concentration gradient across the membrane. Without a counterbalancing ionic pressure gradient, hemoglobin colloidal pressure inevitably drew H 2O in, thus producing the observed swelling.

Published in:

Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 10 )