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Radiation characteristics of uniform and nonuniform dielectric leaky-wave antennas

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4 Author(s)
Ghomi, M. ; Lab. d''Electron., ENSEEIHT, Toulouse, France ; Lejay, B. ; Amalric, J.L. ; Baudrand, H.

An approach based on a waveguide model for analyzing the uniform and nonuniform dielectric leaky-wave structures is proposed for which the Galerkin solution method is applied. In the first part of the paper the far-field radiation of the uniform antenna is determined theoretically and experimentally in the Ku band and also the dependence of beamwidth and sidelobe level as function of strip width and frequency is demonstrated. In addition, an analysis of the antenna with a tapered-strip distribution-is presented. The second part describes a novel tapering procedure, performed by changing the width of the uniform antenna, for obtaining the radiation pattern with lower sidelobe levels. Sinusoidally and exponentially shaped dielectric leaky-wave structures are analyzed as nonuniform antennas. Finally, the radiation and scanning characteristics of these antennas are theoretically presented

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 9 )