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Field-aligned currents and convection patterns in the southern polar cap during stable northward, southward, and azimuthal IMF

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3 Author(s)
Papitashvilli, V.O. ; Inst. of Terrestrial Magnet., Ionosphere, & Radiowave Propagation, Troitsk, Moscow, USSR ; Belov, B.A. ; Gromova, L.I.

Equivalent ionospheric current patterns are derived from ground-based geomagnetic observations for events on 11-12 November 1979 (Bz≫0), 24 November 1981 (Bz≪0), 10-11 January 1980 (By ≫0) and 25-26 November 1979 (By ≪0), when the corresponding IMF (interplanetary magnetic field) conditions remained stable. The `radar scanning' technique was used to scan the southern polar cap with a chain of unmanned magnetometer stations placed from the cap border to the corrected geomagnetic pole approximately along geomagnetic meridian 110°. During a stable southward IMF a result was obtained, a reversal of antisunward convection flow is identified, and an NBZ-like FAC (field-aligned current) system is restored in the central part of the southern polar cap. It is concluded that there may be an additional NBZ-like system poleward of -85°, which is independent of the IMF and is generated by the quasiviscous interaction between solar-wind plasma and high-latitude lobes of the magnetospheric tail

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 2 )