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Observations of distortions of optical features in the UV auroral distribution

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3 Author(s)
Murphree, J.S. ; Calgary Univ., Alta., Canada ; Cogger, L.L. ; Elphinstone, R.D.

Observations made by the Viking satellite have for the first time shown the development of multiple large-scale surge features. The longer time scale of the features is contrasted with smaller-scale vortex streets found along the poleward edge of the evening oval, which are generally observed to exist for less than 2 min. The ratio of wavelength-to-diameter of these features is shown to decrease with increasing wavelength. These observations support the view that the origin of the larger surge features are of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability type, originating further out in the magnetosphere than their vortex-street counterparts. Observations of spiral features have been made at all local times and the spirals always have a counterclockwise sense (viewed in the direction of the magnetic field in the northern hemisphere). One interpretation of these events is that they are the result of an exponential growth along a field line of an initial upward field-aligned current perturbation

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 2 )