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A local fairness algorithm for gigabit LAN's/MAN's with spatial reuse

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3 Author(s)
Chen, J.S.C. ; IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA ; Cidon, I. ; Ofek, Y.

The authors present an algorithm to provide local fairness for ring and bus networks with spatial bandwidth reuse. Spatial bandwidth reuse can significantly increase the effective throughput delivered by the network. The proposed algorithm can be applied to any dual ring or bus architecture such as MetaRing. In the dual bus configuration, when transporting ATM cells, the local fairness algorithm can be implemented using two generic flow control (GFC) bits in the ATM cell header. In the performance it is shown that this local fairness algorithm can exploit the throughput advantage offered by spatial bandwidth reuse better than a global fairness algorithm. This is accomplished because it ensures fair use of network resources among nodes that are competing for the same subset of links, while permitting free access to noncongested parts of the network. The performance advantage of the local fairness scheme is demonstrated by simulating the system under various traffic scenarios and comparing the results to that of the MetaRing SAT-based global fairness algorithm. It is also shown that under certain traffic patterns, the performance of this algorithm achieves the optimal throughput result predicted by the known Max-Min fairness definition

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 8 )