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A new hybrid algorithm for speech recognition based on HMM segmentation and learning vector quantization

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2 Author(s)
Katagiri, S. ; Speech Res. Dept., AT&T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Chin-Hui Lee

A hybrid speech recognition algorithm based on the combination of hidden Markov models (HMMs) and learning vector quantization (LVQ) is presented. The LVQ training algorithms are capable of producing highly discriminative reference vectors for classifying static patterns, i.e., vectors with a fixed dimension. The HMM formulation has also been successfully applied to the recognition of dynamic speech patterns that are of variable duration. It is shown that by combining both LVQ's discriminative power and the HMM's capability of modeling temporal variations of speech in a hybrid algorithm, the performance of the original HMM-based speech recognizer is significantly improved. For a highly confusable vocabulary consisting of the nine American English E-set letters used in a multispeaker, isolated-word test mode, the average word accuracy of the baseline HMM recognizer is 67%. When LVQ is incorporated in the hybrid system, the word accuracy increases to 83%

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Speech and Audio Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 4 )