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Investigation on the spectral characteristics of DFB lasers with different grating configurations made by electron-beam lithography

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5 Author(s)
Kjellberg, T. ; Dept. of Optoelectron. & Electr. Meas., Chalmers Inst. of Technol., Goteborg, Sweden ; Nilsson, S. ; Klinga, T. ; Broberg, B.
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The single-mode stability for distributed-feedback (DFB) lasers with various electron-beam-written grating configurations has been investigated theoretically and experimentally, for both as-cleaved and AR-coated lasers. Other laser properties interesting for coherent and multichannel communications systems, such as linewidth and tunability, have also briefly been investigated. Lasers with more sophisticated grating structures, such as an optimized multiple phase-shifted or a corrugation-pitch-modulated grating, did not exhibit performance significantly superior to that of λ/4-shifted DFB lasers with an appropriate coupling coefficient. Antireflection (AR)-coating of the end facets proved indispensable for obtaining a high yield for lasers with single-mode operation at high output power and for reducing the large chip-to-chip variation seen for the as-cleaved lasers. A theoretical investigation of the effect of end reflections on the stopband and of the problem of determining the coupling coefficient was also made

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 9 )