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Quantification of MR brain images by mixture density and partial volume modeling

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2 Author(s)
Santago, P. ; Dept. of Radiol., Wake Forest Univ., Winston-Salem, NC, USA ; Gage, H.D.

The problem of automatic quantification of brain tissue by utilizing single-valued (single echo) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans is addressed. It is shown that this problem can be solved without classification or segmentation, a method that may be particularly useful in quantifying white matter lesions where the range of values associated with the lesions and the white matter may heavily overlap. The general technique utilizes a statistical model of the noise and partial volume effect together with a finite mixture density description of the tissues. The quantification is then formulated as a minimization problem of high order with up to six separate densities as part of the mixture. This problem is solved by tree annealing with and without partial volume utilized, the results compared, and the sensitivity of the tree annealing algorithm to various parameters is exhibited. The actual quantification is performed by two methods: a classification-based method called Bayes quantification, and parameter estimation. Results from each method are presented for synthetic and actual data

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 3 )