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Stationary echo canceling in velocity estimation by time-domain cross-correlation

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1 Author(s)
Jensen, J.A. ; Electron. Inst., Tech. Univ. of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark

The application of stationary echo canceling to ultrasonic estimation of blood velocities using time-domain cross-correlation is investigated. Expressions are derived that show the influence from the echo canceler on the signals that enter the cross-correlation estimator. It is demonstrated that the filtration results in a velocity-dependent degradation of the signal-to-noise ratio. An analytic expression is given for the degradation for a realistic pulse. The probability of correct detection at low signal-to-noise ratios is influenced by signal-to-noise ratio, transducer bandwidth, center frequency, number of samples in the range gate, and number of A-lines employed in the estimation. Quantitative results calculated by a simple simulation program are given for the variation in probability from these parameters. An index reflecting the reliability of the estimate at hand can be calculated from the actual cross-correlation estimate by a simple formula and used in rejecting poor estimates or in displaying the reliability of the velocity estimated

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 3 )