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Modified linear prediction method for directions of arrival estimation of narrow-band plane waves

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3 Author(s)
Y. Yoganandam ; Dept. of Electron. & Commun. Eng., Osmania Univ., Hyderabad, India ; V. U. Reddy ; C. Uma

A modified linear prediction (MLP) method is proposed in which the reference sensor is optimally located on the extended line of the array. The criterion of optimality is the minimization of the prediction error power, where the prediction error is defined as the difference between the reference sensor and the weighted array outputs. It is shown that the L2-norm of the least-squares array weights attains a minimum value for the optimum spacing of the reference sensor, subject to some soft constraint on signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). How this minimum norm property can be used for finding the optimum spacing of the reference sensor is described. The performance of the MLP method is studied and compared with that of the linear prediction (LP) method using resolution, detection bias, and variance as the performance measures. The study reveals that the MLP method performs much better than the LP technique

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IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 4 )