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Battery energy storage technologies

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2 Author(s)
Anderson, Max D. ; Electr. Eng., Missouri Univ., Rolla, MO, USA ; Carr, D.S.

Battery energy storage systems, comprising lead-acid batteries, power conversion systems, and control systems, are discussed. They are used by power generating utilities power distributing utilities, and major power consumers (such as electric furnace foundries). The principal advantages that battery energy storage systems offer generating utilities are described, including load leveling, frequency control, spinning reserve, modular construction, convenient siting, absence of emissions, and investment deferral for new generation and transmission equipment. Power distributing utilities and major power consumers can avoid costly demand changes by discharging their batteries at peak periods and then recharging with lower cost off-peak power (say, at night). Battery energy storage systems are most cost-effective when designed for discharge periods of less than 5 h; other systems (for example, pumped water storage) are better suited for longer discharges. It is estimated that by the year 2000 there will be a potential need for 4000 MW of battery energy storage

Published in:

Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:81 ,  Issue: 3 )