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Change detection techniques for ERS-1 SAR data

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2 Author(s)
Rignot, E.J.M. ; Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; van Zyl, J.J.

Several techniques for detecting temporal changes in satellite synthetic-aperture radar (SAR) imagery are compared, using both theoretical predictions and spaceborne SAR data collected by the first European Remote Sensing Satellite, ERS-1. In a first set of techniques, changes are detected based on differences in the magnitude of the signal intensity between two dates. Ratioing of the multidate radar intensities is shown to be better adapted to the statistical characteristics of SAR data than subtracting, and works best when the number of looks is large. In a second set of techniques, changes are detected based on estimates of the temporal decorrelation of speckle. This method works best with one-look complex amplitude data, but can also be used with intensity data provided that the number of looks is small. The two techniques are compared using actual SAR data collected by ERS-1. The results illustrate the viability as well as the complementary character of these techniques for detecting changes in the structural and dielectric properties of remotely sensed surfaces

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Jul 1993

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