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C-band backscatter signatures of old sea ice in the central Arctic during freeze-up

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2 Author(s)
Carlstrom, A. ; Dept. of Radio & Space Sci., Chalmers Univ. of Technol., Goeteborg, Sweden ; Ulander, L.M.H.

Radar backscatter signatures of old sea ice in the central Arctic have been measured and analyzed. A ship-mounted scatterometer was used to acquire backscattering coefficients at 5.4 GHz in the four linear polarization states and at incidence angles between 20° and 60°. Detailed in situ characterizations of the snow and ice were also made to enable comparison with theoretical backscatter models. Freeze-up conditions were prevalent during the experiment. The average backscattering coefficient was found to increase when the temperature of the ice surface layer decreased. The semi-empirical backscatter model is used to evaluate the measurements and shows that the backscatter increase is due to an increasing penetration depth, causing the volume scattering to increase. Model predictions also show that both surface and volume scattering contribute significantly at incidence angles of 20° to 26°. At these incidence angles, the dominating scattering mechanism changes from surface to volume scattering as the ice surface temperature decreases

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 4 )