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Maximally smooth image recovery in transform coding

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3 Author(s)
Yao Wang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Polytech. Univ., Brooklyn, NY, USA ; Qin-Fan Zhu ; Shaw, L.

The authors consider the reconstruction of images from partial coefficients in block transform coders and its application to packet loss recovery in image transmission over asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) networks. The proposed algorithm uses the smoothness property of common image signals and produces a maximally smooth image among all those with the same coefficients and boundary conditions. It recovers each damaged block by minimizing the intersample variation within the block and across the block boundary. The optimal solution is achievable through two linear transformations, where the transform matrices depend on the loss pattern and can be calculated in advance. The reconstruction of contiguously damaged blocks is accomplished iteratively using the previous solution as the boundary conditions in each new step. This technique is applicable to any unitary block-transform and is effective for recovering the DC and low-frequency coefficients. When applied to still image coders using the discrete cosine transform (DCT), high quality images are reconstructed in the absence of many DC and low-frequency coefficients over spatially adjacent blocks. When the damaged blocks are isolated by block interleaving, satisfactory results have been obtained even when all the coefficients are missing

Published in:

Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 10 )