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A three-dimensional edge operator for detecting anatomical structures in medical imaging is presented. It uses the spatial moments of the gray-level surface, and operates in three dimensions with any window size. It allows the location and the contrast surface, as well as the surface orientation, to be estimated. The computation of the discrete version is reported. Bias and errors due to the spatial sampling and noise are analyzed at both a theoretical and experimental level. The moment-based operator is compared with other well-known edge operators using simple shaped primitives for which the analytical solution is known. The 3-D rendering of real data is then provided by merging the operator in a ray-tracing framework.
Date of Publication: July 1993