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Two forms of error exist in the level coded myoelectric control channel: system error and operator error. Currently, in level coded (three-state) myoelectric prostheses, target and switching level settings are optimized for the presence of system error only. In this study, system error was minimized in order to examine operator error. The magnitude of the operator error was found to exceed the magnitude of the experimental system error as well as the system error associated with a typical prosthesis control unit. These findings suggest that operator error should be considered when optimizing target levels and decision boundaries for level coded myoelectric prosthesis controllers. Since the operator response was estimated to be normally distributed, it is described by its mean and standard deviation. This information can be used to determine the desired optimal settings.