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A monopole antenna loaded with a modified folded dipole

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1 Author(s)
Altshuler, E.E. ; Rome Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA, USA

A traveling-wave distribution of current can be produced on a linear antenna by inserting a resistance of suitable magnitude one-quarter wavelength from its end. In this study the resistor is replaced with a modified folded dipole which has a radiation resistance approximately equal to that of the matching resistor. Thus the input section has a traveling wave distribution up to the inserted antenna, as before, but now the power that was previously dissipated in the resistor is also radiated. Input impedance, current distribution, and radiation patterns of this antenna are computed, and input impedance and radiation patterns are also measured. Horizontally polarized patterns are similar to those of a horizontal dipole over a ground plane, and vertically polarized patterns in a plane orthogonal to the folded element are similar to those of a monopole over a ground plane. Coverage is also obtained in the zenith direction in the plane of the folded element, as long as it is not an integral number of half wavelengths above the ground plane. The peaks and nulls can be controlled by adjusting the monopole height accordingly and it is possible to achieve near hemispherical coverage

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 7 )