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A computational vision approach to image registration

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2 Author(s)
Qinfen Zheng ; Maryland Univ., College Park, MD, USA ; Chellappa, R.

A computational vision approach is presented for the estimation of 2-D translation, rotation, and scale from two partially overlapping images. The approach results in a fast method that produces good results even when large rotation and translation have occurred between the two frames and the images are devoid of significant features. An illuminant direction estimation method is first used to obtain an initial estimation of camera rotation. A small number of feature points are then located, using a Gabor wavelet model for detecting local curvature discontinuities. An initial estimate of scale and translation is obtained by pairwise matching of the feature points detected from both frames. Finally, hierarchical feature matching is performed to obtain an accurate estimate of translation, rotation and scale. A method for error analysis of matching results is also presented. Experiments with synthetic and real images show that this algorithm yields accurate results when the scale of the images differ by up to 10%, the overlap between the two frames is as small as 23%, and the camera rotation between the two frames is significant. Experimental results and applications are presented

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 3 )