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Nonlinear oscillations in magnetic bearing systems

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2 Author(s)
Mohamed, A.M. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA ; Emad, Fawzi P.

Nonlinear oscillations in magnetic bearings caused by gyroscopic effects at high speeds are analyzed. First a nonlinear model for the magnetic bearing is set in state-variable form using airgap flux, gap displacement, and velocity as state variables. The system, which is unstable in nature, is stabilized locally around the equilibrium point of zero speed using an optimal robust servo controller. It is shown that as the speed changes the system undergoes Hopf bifurcation to periodic solutions around some critical speed. The periodic solutions are shown to be unstable, so the methods of nonlinear bifurcation control are used to stabilize them. An easily implemented nonlinear feedback control of quadratic order is derived to control the Hopf bifurcation occurring in the system. The transient response of the system with and without nonlinear feedback is obtained to show the effectiveness of nonlinear feedback

Published in:

Automatic Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 8 )

Date of Publication:

Aug 1993

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