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An optimal design method for magnetic resonance imaging gradient waveforms

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3 Author(s)
O. P. Simonetti ; Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH, USA ; J. L. Duerk ; V. Chankong

A method of using nonlinear constrained optimization to design gradient waveforms for magnetic resonance imaging is described. Formulation and solution of the waveform optimization problem are described and example waveforms are presented for a variety of design objectives and constraint sets. Most design objectives can be expressed as linear or quadratic functions of the discrete parameter set, and most constraint functions are linear. Thus, linear and quadratic programming techniques can be utilized to solve the optimization problem. Among the objectives considered are: minimize RMS current; minimize waveform slewing; minimize waveform moments to reduce motion induced dephasing; minimize echo time (TE) for given imaging and motion refocusing conditions; maximize the gradient amplitude during RF application and sampling and the area of the phase encoding waveform to maximize resolution; and minimize or maximize the gradient b factor or diffusion sensitivity. This optimal design procedure produces physically realizable waveforms which optimally achieve specific imaging and motion artifact reduction goals, and it is likely to reduce waveform design time by making it more scientifically (rather than heuristically) based

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 2 )