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Optimal detection of coded differentially encoded QAM and PSK signals with diversity reception in correlated fast Rician fading channels

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3 Author(s)
Bouras, D.P. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., British Columbia Univ., Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Mathiopoulos, P.T. ; Makrakis, D.

The optimal sequence estimator for digital signals received over Λ different channels is derived. Each of these channels corrupts the transmitted signal by a mixture of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) and frequency-nonselective, correlated, fast Rician fading. By analysis it is shown that for the lth (1⩽l⩽Λ) diversity channel, the basic hardware structure of the optimal receiver consists of a combination of envelope, multiple differential, and coherent detectors. In order to reduce the overall implementation complexity, suboptimal, e.g., having a small number of differential detectors and equal combining diversity structures, versions of the optimal receivers are proposed and evaluated. Two modulation schemes are chosen in order to evaluate the overall performance of the proposed reduced-complexity diversity receivers: the π/4-shift 8-DQAM (differential quadrature amplitude modulation) and the 8-DPSK (differential phase shift keying). Bit-error-rate (BER) performance evaluation results are given. By means of computer simulation, the effect of correlation between the fading processes on the Λ diversity channels is investigated

Published in:

Vehicular Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:42 ,  Issue: 3 )

Date of Publication:

Aug 1993

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