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New approach to the design and the fabrication of THz Schottky barrier diodes

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4 Author(s)
Jelenski, A. ; Inst. of Electron. Mater. Technol., Warsaw, Poland ; Grub, A. ; Krozer, V. ; Hartnagel, Hans L.

GaAs Schottky barrier diodes with near-ideal electrical and noise characteristics for mixing applications in the terahertz frequency range are described. The conventional formulas describing these characteristics are valid only in a limited forward bias range, corresponding to currents much smaller than the operating currents under submillimeter mixing conditions. Therefore, generalized analytical expressions for the I-V and C-V characteristics of the metal-semiconductor junction in the full bias range are given. A new numerical diode model is presented which takes into account not only the phenomena occurring at the junction, such as current dependent recombination and drift/diffusion velocities, but also the variations of electron mobility and electron temperature in the undepleted epi-layer. A diode fabrication process based on the electrolytic pulse etching of GaAs in combination with an in situ platinum plating for the formation of the Schottky contacts is described. Schottky barrier diodes with a diameter of 1 μm fabricated by this process have already shown excellent results in a 650-GHz waveguide mixer at room temperature

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 4 )