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Least squares algorithm for region-of-interest evaluation in emission tomography

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1 Author(s)
Formiconi, A.R. ; Sezione di Med. Nucl., Firenze, Italy

An accurate model of the nonstationary geometrical response of a camera-collimator system is discussed. The algorithm is compared to three other algorithms that are specialized for region-of-interest evaluation, as well as to the conventional method for summing the reconstructed quantity over the regions of interest. For noise-free data and for regions of accurate shape, least-squares estimates were unbiased within roundoff errors. For noisy data, estimates were still unbiased but precision worsened for regions smaller than resolution: simulating typical statistics of brain perfusion studies performed with a collimated camera, the estimated standard deviation for a 1-cm-square region was 10% with an ultra-high-resolution collimator and 7% with a low-energy all-purpose collimator. Conventional region-of-interest estimates show comparable precision but are heavily biased if filtered backprojection is used for image reconstruction. Using the conjugate-gradient iterative algorithm and the model of nonstationary geometrical response, bias of estimates decreased on increasing the number of iterations, but precision worsened, thus achieving an estimated standard deviation of more than 25% for the same 1-cm region

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Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 1 )