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Trellis coding with multidimensional QAM signal sets

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2 Author(s)

Trellis coding using multidimensional quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) signal sets is investigated. Finite-size 2D signal sets are presented that have minimum average energy, are 90 degrees rotationally symmetric, and have from 16 to 1024 points. The best trellis codes using the finite 16-QAM signal set with two, four, six, and eight dimensions are found by computer search (the multidimensional (multi-D) signal set is constructed from the 2-D signal set). The best moderate complexity trellis codes for infinite lattices with two, four six, and eight dimensions are also found. The minimum free squared Euclidean distance and number of nearest neighbors for these codes were used as the selection criteria. Many of the multi-D codes are fully rotationally invariant and give asymptotic coding gains up to 6.0 dB. From the infinite lattice codes, the best codes for transmitting J, J+1/4, J+1/3, J+1/2, J+2/3, and J+3/4 b/sym (J an integer) are presented.<>

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 2 )