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Image coding using variable-rate side-match finite-state vector quantization

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2 Author(s)
Ruey-Feng Chang ; Dept. of Comput. Sci. & Inf. Eng., Nat. Chung Cheng Univ., Taiwan ; Wen-Tsuen Chen

Future B-ISDN (broadband integrated services digital network) users will be able to send various kinds of information, such as voice, data, and image, over the same network and send information only when necessary. It has been recognized that variable-rate encoding techniques are more suitable than fixed-rate techniques for encoding images in a B-ISDN environment. A new variable-rate side-match finite-state vector quantization with a block classifier (CSMVQ) algorithm is described. In an ordinary fixed-rate SMVQ, the size of the state codebook is fixed. In the CSMVQ algorithm presented, the size of the state codebook is changed according to the characteristics of the current vector which can be predicted by a block classifier. In experiments, the improvement over SMVQ was up to 1.761 dB at a lower bit rate. Moreover, the improvement over VQ can be up to 3 dB at nearly the same bit rate

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 1 )