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Frequency-domain motion estimation using a complex lapped transform

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2 Author(s)
Young, R.W. ; Dept. of Eng., Cambridge Univ., UK ; Kingsbury, N.G.

A frequency-domain algorithm for motion estimation based on overlapped transforms of the image data is developed as an alternative to block matching methods. The complex lapped transform (CLT) is first defined by extending the lapped orthogonal transform (LOT) to have complex basis functions. The CLT basis functions decay smoothly to zero at their end points, and overlap by 2:1 when a data sequence is transformed. A method for estimating cross-correlation functions in the CLT domain is developed. This forms the basis of a motion estimation algorithm that calculates vectors for overlapping, windowed regions of data. The overlapping data window used has no block edge discontinuities and results in smoother motion fields. Furthermore, when motion compensation is performed using similar overlapping regions, the algorithm gives comparable or smaller prediction errors than standard models using exhaustive search block matching, and computational load is lower for larger displacement ranges and block sizes

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Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 1 )