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Owing to a very rapid growth in electricity generation in developing countries (DCs), the environmental impacts associated with it are likely to increase strikingly. There are significant differences between DCs and industrialised countries (ICs) in their attitudes towards appropriate, affordable policy responses to the threat of global warming. The author begins by examining how and why the environmental issues associated with DC electricity generation are becoming increasingly pressing, both for DCs and for ICs. The issues are classified into categories. There is then a detailed discussion of greenhouse gas scenarios and the possible roles that may be played by DCs in the growth and limitation of carbon dioxide emissions. The author notes the difficulties of reaching workable agreements on global greenhouse gas limitations that include the DCs.