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Calibration of a synthetic aperture radiometer

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2 Author(s)
Tanner, A.B. ; Jet Propulsion Lab., California Inst. of Technol., Pasadena, CA, USA ; Swift, C.T.

Calibration algorithms for a synthetic aperture microwave radiometer are presented. The calibration is geared to Earth remote sensing applications and is demonstrated on an airborne prototype thinned array imager. Two approaches to the system calibration are presented. The first utilizes commonly available reference brightness temperature scenes, such as open water, and the second utilizes data collected on the antenna range. Both algorithms yield spatial response information which is cast in matrix form and inverted to obtain the image reconstruction formula. Experimental results are examined, and errors in some reconstructed images are linked to the present prototype antenna design. Algorithms for improving the synthesized antenna pattern sidelobe performance are also presented. In one solution, the pattern efficiency is optimized by minimizing the pattern outside a defined beam. In another solution, the patterns are matched to a desired model pattern by the method of least squared errors. Both techniques offer an attractive alternative to aperture weighting

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 1 )